Merle Hoffman has been a tireless advocate for women's rights

Merle Hoffman leads a pro-choice rally on the steps of St Patrick's Cathedral in NYC

Merle Hoffman and Geraldine Ferraro, women at the forefront of history

Merle Hoffman speaks of "Intimate Wars: the Life and Times of the Woman who Brought Abortion from the Back Alley to the Boardroom"

Merle Hoffman has been a tireless advocate for women's rights

Merle Hoffman

Bringing Courage, Vision and Mission-Driven Services to the Battle for Women's Rights

A pioneer in women’s reproductive health care, Merle Hoffman established one of the first ambulatory abortion centers in the nation in 1971, Choices Women's Medical Center, shortly after New York State legalized abortion and three years before the historic Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision. The name “CHOICES” stands for Creative Health Organization for Information, Counseling and Educational Services.

Merle Hoffman's memoir, Intimate Wars: The Life and Times of the Woman who Brought Abortion from the Back Alley to the Boardroom, brings alive the experiences of a woman who has lived, in the words of author Blanche Wiesen Cook, "on the front lines of the abortion wars...[and] has never turned away from the harshest battles or denied the most painful truths." Available on in paperback, ebook and audiobook formats.

On The Issues, a progressive, feminist quarterly published by Merle Hoffman from 1983 to 1999, became ON THE ISSUES MAGAZINE ONLINE. Featuring world class writers and artists presenting issues related to reproductive rights and the state of the abortion debate, WLW Journal says "ON THE ISSUES has it all, and has become one of the most outspoken feminst journals in the U.S."

The Institute was formed to promote women’s health issues for under served women in the United States and abroad who do not have access to women’s health services by referring such individuals to local organizations for services. The Choices Global Institute will achieve its charitable purposes by conducting community outreach programs aimed at raising public awareness about women’s health.

Merle Hoffman in the News

Merle Hoffman and her daughter, Sasha, on vacation; The New York Times, Aug. 5, 2016
Merle Hoffman featured in NY Times Family Story
At 58, Ms. Hoffman adopted a 31/2-year-old girl from Russia. Friends greeted her with everything from shock to rage. “Some
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Merle Hoffman 108 minutes
108 Minutes With Merle Hoffman
"I don’t have a problem saying the word ­abortion,” says Merle Hoffman, the ­reproductive-rights activist who describes herself as the
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Merle Hoffman would wield a wire hanger at protests, to help get her point across. (Courtesy Merle Hoffman)
Outside Choices with Escorts and Protestors
"Our protesters are fairly steady here," Stella tells me, "it's the same couple of churches that come out and target
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Merle Hoffman, Abortion provider predicts ‘free states’ and ‘slave states’ if Obama loses
Hoffman predicts ‘free states’ and ‘slave states’
"The founder and owner of one of the first and largest abortion clinics in the United States, Merle Hoffman, held
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Merle Hoffman News Archive for more

Merle Hoffman Editorials in On The Issues Magazine

Merle Hoffman published On The Issues Magazine for over 30 years as a print and an online publication. Her editorials are insightful and historical, giving a unique perspective to the fight for women's rights.

Featured Editorial: Where the Reality of Abortion Resides: Intimate Wars
Winter 2012

When I first opened a clinic for women’s abortion care in Flushing, New York in 1971, women finally had access to safe, legal abortions – even before Roe v. Wade decriminalized abortion across the country. New York State had acted to decriminalize abortion in 1970, so we were already a step ahead. Doctors could now treat patients in a respectful environment, away from the back-alley secrecy and lethal dangers. -MORE-


Merle Hoffman Videos


Merle Hoffman's Biography

From the second floor of a small house in Philadelphia where she spent much of her youth, to a walk-up in Paris where she lived on bread and cheese while studying to be a concert pianist, there would have been no way to predict the subsequent direction of Merle Hoffman’s life which has been intertwined with the struggle of women and girls for equality and freedom.

A pioneer in women’s reproductive health care, Hoffman established one of the first ambulatory abortion centers in the nation in 1971, shortly after New York State legalized abortion and two years before the historic Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision. Since then, under her visionary leadership and practical guidance, Choices Women’s Medical Center has become a full-service women’s health facility, including complete gynecological services and a busy prenatal department, along with providing abortions up to 24 weeks and many other services. It is one of the largest and most comprehensive women’s health centers in the country, serving over 40,000 patients each year.

Choices Women’s Medical Center and Choices Mental Health Center (established in 1995 to specialize in a feminist model of counseling) were both founded with Hoffman’s philosophy of “Patient Power” which has been used as a model for many other women’s health centers across the country.

For over 40 years, she has met the challenges of anti-choice harassment, death threats, evictions, protests and public attacks with unshakable courage and outspoken commitment.

In 1977, Hoffman co-founded the first national professional organization of abortion providers, the National Abortion Federation (NAF) and became its first President. Her dedication to women has led her to travel the country, debating anti-choice leaders such as Jerry Falwell and Operation Rescue founder Randall Terry. In 1988, Hoffman organized the New York Pro-Choice Coalition and led it to develop a national strategy for defending clinics against blockades, harassment and invasions. She publicly challenged New York City’s Cardinal O’Connor in the first pro-choice civil disobedience action at St. Patrick’s Cathedral in 1989 where nine people were arrested, holding up her iconic six-foot long coat hanger while declaring, “Women’s Rights are in a State of Emergency.”

In 1982, Hoffman produced, directed and wrote the documentary film, “Abortion: A Different Light,” and in 1986 she produced and hosted the first feminist TV show, “MH: On the Issues,” a syndicated 30-minute cable TV show. The program’s first guest was Congresswoman Bella Abzug.

Hoffman also began a newsletter in 1982 which developed into the print magazine On the Issues, the Progressive Women’s Quarterly, an acclaimed publication with an international reach, featuring articles and interviews with notable activists and thinkers, including Kate Millet, John Lewis, Elie Weisel and Phyllis Chesler. In 2008, On the Issues became an online magazine, increasing its reach even further.

In 1994 she embarked on another historic effort, working with Russian officials and doctors to develop Choices East, the first feminist outpatient medical center in Russia. In the process, she organized Russian feminists to deliver an open letter to Boris Yeltsin on the miserable state of women’s health care. In 1995 she was invited to address an international panel on women’s therapy issues at the International Women’s Conference in Beijing and in 1997 worked with feminists against rape in South Africa. In 2012 she was invited to address Parliament in London on the nature of the anti-choice threat in Britain.

Hoffman’s writings have appeared in numerous publications and journals, and her article, “Selecting the Same Sex” on sex-selection abortion, was awarded the Front Page Award for Political Commentary in 2010 from the Newswomen’s Club of New York.

In 2005, Hoffman chose to become a mother and traveled to Siberia to adopt a three-year-old girl whom she named Sasharina, a combination of Sasha—meaning Defender of Humanity – and Irina (her given Russian name) – meaning Peace. She hopes that Sasha, like all of our daughters, will grow up to express both.

She has received numerous awards from civic and political organizations including the New York City Department of Corrections, the National Organization for Women, the Congress of Racial Equality and an award for Lifetime Service to the movement from the Veteran Feminists of America. A recent recipient of the Kate Millet Award, Hoffman has been profiled in film and print on many occasions.

Hoffman’s Archive Collection of her papers, including On the Issues Magazine and Choices documents, are at Duke University where she endowed the Merle Hoffman Directorship of the Sallie Bingham Center for Women’s History and Culture.

Merle Hoffman’s challenges and triumphs are described in depth in her memoir published in 2012 by the Feminist Press, Intimate Wars, the Life and Times of the Woman who Brought Abortion from the Back Alley to the Boardroom.

The Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture

In 2011, journalist, activist, and women’s health care pioneer Merle Hoffman endowed a director's position for sustained leadership of the Center.

Guide to the Merle Hoffman Papers, circa 1944-2012 and undated , bulk 1961-2000

The papers of Merle Hoffman span the years from about 1944 to 2001, with most of the papers dating between 1961 and 2001. The collection is arranged in the following series: Choices, On the Issues, Personal Files, Photographic Materials, and Audiovisual Materials. The bulk of the materials consist of the records of Choices Women’s Medical Center, a New York City women’s health clinic and abortion clinic co-founded by Hoffman in 1971, and the organizational records for On the Issues, a feminist magazine owned by Choices and overseen by Hoffman. The remainder of the collection consists of Hoffman’s personal papers, mostly related to her pro-choice activism.

In addition to her pro-choice activities, Merle Hoffman has been a vocal proponent of patient self-empowerment; an active supporter of various political candidates in New York City; and a feminist activist. The collection reflects these interests to varying degrees. The records of On the Issues magazine are especially useful as a source of writings on a broad range of feminist and other issues.

To access the collection, visit:
Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History & Culture Anders
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